PARENTS’ LANGUAGE ATTITUDES TOWARDS LANGUAGES AND MAINTENANCE OF HERITAGE LANGUAGE

  • Sugiyanta STKIP Panca Sakti
Keywords: parents’ language attitudes; language maintenance; heritage language

Abstract

This current research is to explore parents’ language attitudes towards languages and maintenance of heritage language and to find out the efforts of maintaining heritage language and its  supporting and inhibiting factors.  In this research, a questionnaire and semi-structured interview were employed to collect data. There were 62 respondents, consisting of 37 males and 25 females coming from eleven provinces in Indonesia. Questionnaires were distributed to the respondents by both electronic and direct systems. Respondents were asked to fill in the questionnaires. Interviews were conducted to some respondents. The findings of this current research reveal that most parents show positive attitudes towards languages and the maintenance of heritage language. The results also indicate that there were some factors supporting the maintenance of heritage language, including parents’ attitudes and roles, community, school, family, daily practices, and culture. In addition, there were a number of factors inhibiting to the maintenance of heritage language such as parents’ attitudes and roles, community, school, family, external culture, and technological advancements. In terms of the efforts to maintain the heritage language, the results show that the language should be taught in the families and at schools, and should be used for social interactions and in traditional and ceremonial events.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ager, D. E. (2001). Motivation in Language Planning and Language Policy. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Becker, D. J. (2013). Parents’ Attitudes toward Their Children’s Heritage Language Maintenance: The Case of Korean Immigrant Parents in West Michigan. (Master thesis, Grand Valley State University, USA). Retrieved from http://dspace.ewubd.edu/handle/2525/2045.

Bohner, G. & Dickel, N. (2011). Attitudes and attitude change. Annual Review of Psychology 62(1), pp. 391-417.

Budiyana, Y. E. (2017). Students’ Parents’ Attitudes toward Chinese Heritage Language Maintenance. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 7(3), pp. 195-200. Retrived from: http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.0703.05.

Campbell, R., & Peyton, J. K. (1998). Heritage language students: A valuable language resource. The ERIC Review, 6(1), 38-39. Retrived from: from http://www.eric.ed.gov/resources/ericreview/vol6no1/heritage.html.

Cummins, J. (1991). Introduction. The Canadian Modern Language Review, 47(4), 601–5. Retrived from: https://doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.47.4.FM.

Debnath, A. (2017). Parental attitude to home language: A study on the students of English Medium School of Bangladesh. (Master thesis, East West University, Dhaka). Retrieved from http://dspace.ewubd.edu/handle/2525/2045.

Deumert, A. (2011). Multilingualism. In The Cambridge Handbook of Sociolinguistics, R. Mesthrie (Editor), pp. 261-282. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511997068.

Fought, C. (2011). Language and Ethnicity. In The Cambridge Handbook of Sociolinguistics, R. Mesthrie (Editor), pp. 238-257. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511997068.

Ladegaard, H. (2000). Language Attitudes and Sociolinguistic Behavior: Exploring Attitude Behavior Relations in Language. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 4(2): 214-233.

LaRobtonda, A. (2015). Attitudes of Parents and Children Toward Maintaining Their Heritage Language. Retrieved from https://dspace.sunyconnect.suny.edu/bitstream/handle/1951/66603/LaRotonda_Ashley_MastersThesis_Fall2015b_Redacted.pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y .

Lee, J. S., & Shin, S. J. (2008). Korean Heritage Language Education in The United States: The Current State, Opportunities, and Possibilities. Heritage Language Journal, 6(2), 1-20.

Liang, F. (2018). Parental Perceptions toward and Practices of Heritage Language Maintenance: Focusing on the United States and Canada. International Journal of Language Studies, 12(2), pp. 65-86.

Martin, N. (2009). Arab-American Parents’ Attitudes toward Their Children’s Heritage Language Maintenance and Language Practices. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.17615/xj87-vn83.

McGroarty, M. (1996). Language Attitudes, Motivation, and Standards. In Sociolinguistics and Language Teaching, S. McKay & N. H. Hornberger (Eds.), pp. 3-46. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Oundo, E. N., Poipoi, M. W., & Dinah, S. (2014). Relationship between Parents’ Attitude towards Educational Involvement and Academic Performance of Day Secondary School Students in Samia – Kenya. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 4(3), pp. 147-157. doi:10.5296/ijhrs.v4i3.5964.

Park, S. M., & Sarkar, M. (2007). Parents' Attitudes toward Heritage Language Maintenance for Their Children and Their Efforts to Help Their Children Maintain The Heritage Language: A Case Study of Korean-Canadian Immigrants. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 20(3), 223-235. http://dx.doi.org/10.2167lcc337.0.

Richards, J. C., Platt, J. & Platt, H. (1992). Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics (2nd ed.) United Kingdom: Longman.

Valdés, G. (2000). The Teaching of Heritage Languages: An Introduction for Slavic-Teaching Professionals. In The learning and teaching of Slavic languages and cultures, Olga Kagan and Benjamin Rifkin (eds.), 375–403. Bloomington, IN: Slavica.

Published
2020-07-04
How to Cite
Sugiyanta. (2020). PARENTS’ LANGUAGE ATTITUDES TOWARDS LANGUAGES AND MAINTENANCE OF HERITAGE LANGUAGE. DIALECTICAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION JOURNAL (DLEJ) PANCA SAKTI, 5(1), 43-52. Retrieved from http://dlejpancasakti.ac.id/index.php/dlejpancasakti/article/view/13